Wolfenstein 3D

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Wolfenstein 3D is a video game that is generally regarded as having popularized the first person shooter genre on the PC. It was created by id Software and published by Apogee Software. Released on May 5, 1992 for MS-DOS, the game was inspired by the 1980s Muse Software computer games Castle Wolfenstein and Beyond Castle Wolfenstein. In Wolfenstein 3D, the protagonist is an American soldier (Polish descent) named William "B.J." Blazkowicz attempting to escape from the titular Nazi stronghold; there are many armed guards, as well as attack dogs. The building has a number of hidden rooms containing various treasures, food supplies, and medical kits, as well as three different guns and ammunition. Wolfenstein 3D was released as shareware, which allowed it to be copied widely. Wolfenstein 3D anticipated the first-person shooter games that continue to be popular today. There were few imitations or clones until the release of id Software's Doom in 1993. The other most notable games are Rise of the Triad in 1994 and Duke Nukem 3D in 1996. Most of these games were distributed via the same shareware strategy as Wolfenstein 3D. The game's success ensured that id Software quickly became a high profile developer. id's development efforts were closely watched by fans of the game, and when it released its next first-person shooter, Doom, it was guaranteed a receptive audience. Rather than rely on the technology that made Wolfenstein a hit, however, Doom introduced several technological leaps over Wolfenstein 3D. The technology in Doom outdid that of Wolfenstein 3D by being playable over a network. It also provided different levels of height (while Wolfenstein 3D didn't have any stairs or platforms at all), a lighting system (Wolfenstein 3D only had full brightness), multiple levels of detail and characters with more detail and animation than those in its predecessor; it also added a multiplayer mode: Deathmatch, which grew in popularity as online gaming became widespread. [READ THE REST OF THIS ARTICLE]

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